See Article History Alternative Titles: The autonomous community of Catalonia occupies a triangular area in the northeastern corner of Spain. It is bordered by France and Andorra to the north, the Mediterranean Sea to the east, the autonomous community of Valencia to the south, and the autonomous community of Aragon to the west. The autonomous community of Catalonia was established by the statute of autonomy of December 18, The government consists of a Generalitat an executive council headed by a president and a unicameral parliament. The capital is Barcelona. Area 12, square miles 32, square km. Jupiterimages CataloniaTime-lapse video of Catalonia, Spain.

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For hundreds of years, through a network of slaveholders and plantations, enslaved Africans and their American-born progeny harvested great wealth from Southern sugar, cotton and other cash crops. Tuscaloosa, Tuscaloosa County, Ala. Population is 90, and Today, the South remains largely poor, and ancestors of the slaves who built this nation remain there in large numbers. While black poverty exists across the country, it remains largely concentrated below the Mason-Dixon Line.

INSTITUTE OF MATHEMATICAL GEOGRAPHY: Mission. The purpose is to promote interaction between geography and mathematics. Publications in which elements of one discipline are used to shed light on the other receive particular emphasis.

Integrated geography Environmental geography is concerned with the description of the spatial interactions between humans and the natural world. It requires an understanding of the traditional aspects of physical and human geography, as well as the ways that human societies conceptualize the environment. Environmental geography has emerged as a bridge between the human and the physical geography, as a result of the increasing specialisation of the two sub-fields.

Furthermore, as human relationship with the environment has changed as a result of globalization and technological change , a new approach was needed to understand the changing and dynamic relationship. Examples of areas of research in the environmental geography include: Geomatics Digital Elevation Model DEM Geomatics is concerned with the application of computers to the traditional spatial techniques used in cartography and topography.

Geomatics emerged from the quantitative revolution in geography in the mid s. Today, geomatics methods include spatial analysis , geographic information systems GIS , remote sensing , and global positioning systems GPS. Geomatics has led to a revitalization of some geography departments, especially in Northern America where the subject had a declining status during the s.

Economic geography

I know thee who thou art, the Holy One of God. I know thee who thou art; the Holy One of God. Jesus saith unto them, I am [he]. And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them. Philip saith unto him, Come and see.

Unit I Geography: Its Nature and Perspectives Unit 1 Course Description Geography as a field of inquiry; Major geographical concepts underlying the geographical perspective: location, space, place, scale, pattern, nature and society, regionalization, globalization, and gender issues.

Has the Garden of Eden been located at last? By Dora Jane Hamblin By using an interdisciplinary approach, archaeologist Juris Zarins believes he’s found it–and can pinpoint it for us. The author, a frequent contributor, met Dr. Zarins and his Eden theory when writing of Saudi archaeology September and has followed his work since. Then the majestic words become quite specific: The name of the first is Pison: And the name of the second river is Gihon: And the name of the third river is Hiddekel [Tigris]: And the fourth river is Euphrates” Genesis 2: But where now are the Pison and the Gihon?

And where, if indeed it existed as a geographically specific place, was the Garden of Eden?

Cancer Alley: Big Industry, Big Problems

Integrated geography Integrated geography is concerned with the description of the spatial interactions between humans and the natural world. It requires an understanding of the traditional aspects of physical and human geography, as well as the ways that human societies conceptualize the environment. Integrated geography has emerged as a bridge between the human and the physical geography, as a result of the increasing specialisation of the two sub-fields. Furthermore, as human relationship with the environment has changed as a result of globalization and technological change , a new approach was needed to understand the changing and dynamic relationship.

Examples of areas of research in the environmental geography include:

History. Catalonia was formerly a principality of the crown of Aragon, and it has played an important role in the history of the Iberian the 17th century it was the centre of a separatist movement that sometimes dominated Spanish affairs.

At about this time, around Ma, north Wales and south Mayo in Ireland experienced volcanic activity. The remains of these volcanoes are still visible, for example Rhobell Fwar, dating from Ma. Large quantities of volcanic lava and ash known as the Borrowdale Volcanics covered both Wales and the Lake District, still seen in the form of mountains such as Helvellyn and Scafell Pike. In the Silurian Period, between and Ma, the Caledonian fold mountains formed the Caledonian Orogeny , covering much of what is now the UK to perhaps 8, feet 2, m thick.

Volcanic ashes and lavas deposited during this period are still found in the Mendip Hills and in Pembrokeshire. Volcanic deposits formed Ben Nevis in the Devonian Period. Sea levels varied considerably, with the coastline advancing and retreating from north to south across England, and with the deposition of numerous sedimentary rock layers. The Old Red Sandstone of Devon gave the period its name, though deposits are found in many other places. During the Carboniferous Period, around Ma, the UK was lying at the equator, covered by the warm shallow waters of the Rheic Ocean, during which time the Carboniferous limestone was deposited, still found in areas such as the Mendip Hills and the Pennines.

Wednesday, the thirteenth of May, the Governor left from Cofitachequi, and in two days he arrived at the province of Chalaque And they slept in a pine forest, where many Indian men and women began to come in peace with presents and gifts, and they were there on Whitsuntide. And from there the Governor wrote to Baltasar de Gallegos by some Indians And on Monday, the seventeenth of that month, they departed from there and spent the night in a forest; and on Tuesday they went to Guaquili

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Completed in , the column has stood for more than 1, years. Trajan’s war on the Dacians, a civilization in what is now Romania, was the defining event of his year rule. During the Middle Ages Romanians were also known as Vlachs, a blanket term ultimately of Germanic origin, from the word Walha, used by ancient Germanic peoples to refer to Romance-speaking and Celtic neighbours. Paved Dacian Road The meaning of the word ” Transylvania ” is the land beyond the forest.

Transylvania was first referred to in a Medieval Latin document dating from as Ultra Silvam Ultra meaning “beyond” or “on the far side of …” and Sylva sylvam meaning “wood or forest”. The ruins of Sarmizegetusa Regia — the capital of Dacia present-day Romania prior to the wars with the Roman Empire — are located in Hunedoara county – central Transylvania. The earliest reliably dated European modern human fossils, up to now, were discovered in in southwestern Romania at Pestera cu Oase – translated as the “Cave With Bones”.

The fossil’s age is estimated at 37, to 42, years old.

Venezuela History Archeological findings and carbon-dating evidence indicate that human settlements here can be traced back to 13, BC. Venezuela was colonized by Spain in despite resistance from indigenous peoples. It became one of the first Spanish American colonies to declare independence in , but did not securely establish independence until

Extensive North American Conquest Trail sites on Google Earth, describing Hernando de Soto’s and Cabeza de Vaca’s activity.

It was, however, a union of crowns and not of kingdoms. In size, institutions, traditions, and, partly, even language, the two kingdoms differed greatly. Within the kingdom… Geography The provinces of Tarragona, Barcelona , and Girona have a Mediterranean shoreline, and the low-lying Catalanides range separates the coastal plain from the Ebro river basin.

The Catalanides have historically separated the industrial towns of the coast from the predominantly agricultural settlements of the hinterlands. North of the Catalanides is a high tableland that comprises most of Lleida province. The principal rivers in Catalonia are the Ter, Llobregat, and Ebro, all of which flow into the Mediterranean.

A Mediterranean climate prevails throughout most of Catalonia, with hot, dry summers and mild, relatively rainy winters. The towns of the Catalan coast have dominated the development of the region, with the result that the population is heavily concentrated along the Mediterranean, increasingly depopulating the hinterland. In the 20th century there was additional concentration of population in the city of Barcelona and its satellite towns.

Government reimburses its employees for business travel. The lodging portion of the allowance is based on the cost for a single room at a moderately-priced hotel. The meal portion is based on the costs of an average breakfast, lunch, and dinner including taxes, service charges, and customary tips.

The meaning of the word “Transylvania” is the land beyond the lvania was first referred to in a Medieval Latin document dating from as Ultra Silvam .

Go Collection Mapping the National Parks This collection documents the history, cultural aspects and geological formations of areas that eventually became National Parks. The collection consists of approximately maps dating from the 17th century to the present, Geography and Map Division – Library of Congress. National Digital Library Program Date: Maps and Charts of North America and the West Indies, The collection represents an important historical record of the mapping of North America and the Caribbean.

Most of the items presented here are documented in Maps and Charts of North America and The Rochambeau Map Collection Geography and Map Division Date: Among the reconnaissance, sketch, and theater-of-war maps are Starting with the D-Day Invasion, the maps give daily details on the military campaigns in Western

Geography[ edit ] View of the Tyrrhenian Sea The village lies on a rocky promontory, which lies on the southern border of the Maremma nature reserve, in a dominant position along the whole stretch of coast arriving at Mount Argentario. The surrounding area is characterized by the presence of vegetation typical of Mediterranean scrub and long sandy beaches, lined by pine trees. History[ edit ] Walls of Talamone.

Geography (from Greek: γεωγραφία, geographia, literally “earth description”) is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of Earth. The first person to use the word γεωγραφία was Eratosthenes (– BC). Geography is an all-encompassing discipline that seeks an understanding of Earth and its human and natural complexities.

See Article History Alternative Titles: Until it became independent in , Belarus, formerly known as Belorussia or White Russia, was the smallest of the three Slavic republics included in the Soviet Union the larger two being Russia and Ukraine. While Belarusians share a distinct ethnic identity and language, they never previously enjoyed unity and political sovereignty , except during a brief period in Belarusian history is thus less an isolable national narrative than a study of regional forces, their interplay, and their effects on the Belarusian people.

The territory that is now Belarus underwent partition and changed hands repeatedly; as a result, much of the history of Belarus is inseparable from that of its neighbours. Since independence Belarus has retained close ties to its most dominant neighbour, Russia. In the two countries signed the Union State Foundation Treaty, which aimed to create a politically integrated confederation with a common currency; the precise nature of the partnership, however, remained unclear well into the 21st century.

About one-fifth of the population of Belarus resides in the centrally located capital, Minsk , a sprawling modern city that was almost entirely rebuilt after its near destruction in World War II.

Neoclassical location theorists , following in the tradition of Alfred Weber , tend to focus on industrial location and use quantitative methods. Since the s, two broad reactions against neoclassical approaches have significantly changed the discipline: Marxist political economy, growing out of the work of David Harvey ; and the new economic geography which takes into account social, cultural, and institutional factors in the spatial economy.

Economists such as Paul Krugman and Jeffrey Sachs have also analyzed many traits related to economic geography. Krugman called his application of spatial thinking to international trade theory the “new economic geography”, which directly competes with an approach within the discipline of geography that is also called “new economic geography”. Ancient writings can be attributed to the Greek geographer Strabo ‘s Geographika compiled almost years ago.

Economic geography is the study of the location, distribution and spatial organization of economic activities across the represents a traditional subfield of the discipline of r, many economists have also approached the field in ways more typical of the discipline of economics.. Economic geography has taken a variety of approaches to many different subject matters.

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